Visual Art Education: Between Spatial Sustainable Development and the Image of Architecture

  • Beatriz Gabriela Tomšič Čerkez
Keywords: Architecture, Spatial perception, Sustainable development, The role of art education, Educational strategies


If we consider the role of education and its implications in the formation of a critical and conscious user of architecture, it is obvious that the development of educational strategies related to the sustainable development of our common space and environment becomes fundamental. Among the objectives of art education, we should consider our commitment with authentic and actual problems in our societies. One of them is the awareness of the characteristics of the built environment. Our cities are, in fact, the results of time-space plasters that function as units of spatial experiences in everyday life. The oldest buildings are iconic points of reference, and their simple presence produces a collection of unique meanings to the collective memory of a culture. Their demolition would in many cases injure the cities’ images and memory. The main question is how to develop programs at all educational levels to promote critical and responsible attitudes towards the common environment covering all the aspects that shape the concepts of sustainable spatial development. However, it is not possible to create strategies without proper information about the views of the students. The collection and analysis of this views is the main theme of the paper. It is supported by an empirical research on the image of architecture and the environment, held among secondary school students. The research is based on the idea that one of the most efficient critical attitudes towards the world would be to develop an unconditional connection of art work with »everyday life conditions« to promote the education of critical and responsible »perceivers
« of the environment. 


Download data is not yet available.


Anderson, M. J. (2008). Sustainable Development.WFF Voices Online Edition, XVII(1). Retrived from

Beck, U., Giddens, A., & Lash, S. (1994). Reflexive Modernization – Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order. Stanford: University Press.

Frampton, K. (1992). Modern Architecture. London: Thames and Hudson.

Gibson, J. J. (1986). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. New York: Taylor & Francis Group.

Hiss, T. (1991). The Experience of Place: A new way of looking at and dealing with our radically changing cities and countryside. New York: Random House, Inc.

Holl, S., Pallasmaa, J., & Perez Gomez, A. (2006). Questions of Perception, Phenomenology of Architecture. San Francisco: William Stout Publishers.

Jencks, C. (1984). El lenguaje de la arquitectura postmoderna. Barcelona: Editorial Gustavo Gili S. A.

Jokela, T. (2007). From the experience of the place to the work of art. In I. Brunner & H. Fritsch (Eds.), On the Tracks of our Cultural Progenitors. Hohemens: Hämmerle Duck.

Jokela, T. (2005). The Project. On the Road, one Place after another. In The Trans Barents Highway Symposium of Art - Environmental Art in the Barents Region 2003-2004 (pp. 8–12). Nyheternas Tryckeri, Sweden: Municipality of Haparanda.

Livingston, R. (1993). Arquitectura y autoritarismo. Buenos Aires: Ediciones de la Flor.

Puig, A. (1979). Sociología de las formas. Barcelona: Editorial Gustavo Gili, S. A.

Räsänen, M. (2003). Building Bridges – Experiential Art Understanding: A work of art as a means of understanding and constructing self. Helsinki: University of Art and Design UIAH.

Ricoeur, P. (1961). Universal Civilisation and National Cultures. In History and Truth, 1965 (pp. 271–284).

Tomšič Čerkez, B. (2012). Potenciar una educación artistica viable a través de la arquitectura. Arte, individuo y sociedad, 24(2), 251–268.

Tschumi, B. (2001). Architecture and Disjunction. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT PRESS.

Tuan, Y. (2003). Space and Place – The Perspective of Experience. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Willis, D. (1999). The Emerald City and Other Essays on the Architectural Imagination. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.